William Jones started making sewing machines in 1859 and in 1860 formed a partnership with Thomas Chadwick. As , they manufactured sewing machines at , England until 1863. Their machines used designs from Howe and Wilson produced under licence. Thomas Chadwick later joined Bradbury & Co. William Jones opened a factory in , Manchester in 1869. In 1893 a Jones advertising sheet claimed that this factory was the "Largest Factory in England Exclusively Making First Class Sewing Machines". The firm was renamed as the Jones Sewing Machine Co. Ltd and was later acquired by of Japan, in 1968.
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In 1856, the was formed, consisting of Singer, Howe, Wheeler, Wilson, Grover and Baker. These four companies pooled their patents, with the result that all other manufacturers had to obtain a license and pay $15 per machine. This lasted until 1877, when the last patent expired. (1829–1902), a farmer from Raphine in Rockbridge County, Virginia patented the first single-thread sewing machine on June 2, 1857. In partnership with James Willcox, Gibbs became a principal partner in Willcox & Gibbs Sewing Machine Company.
Meanwhile, developed a shuttle that in a short arc, which was an improvement over Singer and Howe's. However, John Bradshaw had patented a similar device and threatened to sue, so Wilson decided to try a new method. He went into partnership with to produce a machine with a instead of a shuttle. This was far quieter and smoother than other methods, with the result that the Company produced more machines in the 1850s and 1860s than any other manufacturer. Wilson also invented the four-motion feed mechanism that is still seen on every sewing machine today. This had a forward, down, back and up motion, which drew the cloth through in an even and smooth motion. Charles Miller patented the first machine to stitch . Throughout the 1850s more and more companies were being formed, each trying to sue the others for patent infringement. This triggered a known as the Sewing Machine War.